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Skin types include normal, oily, dry, and sensitive. Some people also have a combination of skin types in different areas of their skin.

Your skin type can change over time. For example, younger people are more likely than older people to have a normal skin type.

 

Skin types vary depending upon factors such as:

 

  • Water content, which affects your skin's comfort and elasticity

  • Oil (lipid) content, which affects your skin's softness

  • Sensitivity level


How to Determine Your Skin Type: 

 

  • Wash Your Face. Wash with a gentle cleanser and pat dry. Remove make-up. This cleans away oils and dirt that may have accumulated during your day, giving your skin a fresh start. Do not over wash though.

  • Wait an hour. During this time, your skin should return to its natural state, the characteristics of which will determine your skin type. Act normally and, please, don't touch your face.

  • Dab your face with a tissue. Pay attention to the 'T-zone'--the area of your forehead and nose.

 

Determine your skin type- Skin falls into four types--normal, oily, dry and combination.

  • Normal skin shows neither oil nor flaking skin. It should feel supple and smooth. If you have it, consider yourself lucky :)

  • Oily skin is characterized by the grease on the tissue. It is also common for a person with oily skin to have large pores and a shine.

  • Dry skin may feel taut or show flakes of dead skin. It is associated with small pores. Moisturizing is important for this skin type.

  • Combination skin is most common. It exhibits traits of all three of the above skin types. Usually, the skin is oily in the T-zone and normal to dry elsewhere.

Know what problems your skin might have. There are usually two 'problem' categories that your skin may fall under, as well as your skin type. These two categories are:

  • Sensitive skin. If you have sensitive skin, your face reacts easily to regular skin products. This means that when you use regular skin products, your face will get red, itchy, or a rash could form.

  • Acne-Prone skin. Even if you're not a teenager, you may still get pimples/acne, especially if you have an oily skin type. If you have acne-prone skin, Book an Appointment for Free Expertise.

Normal Skin Type

Normal skin is not too dry and not too oily. It has:

  • No or few imperfections

  • No severe sensitivity

  • Barely visible pores

  • A radiant complexion

Combination Skin Type

A combination skin type can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone (nose, forehead, and chin). Many people have combination skin, which  may benefit from slightly different types of skin care in different areas.

Combination skin can produce:

  • Overly dilated pores

  • Blackheads

  • Shiny skin

Dry Skin Type

Dry skin can produce:

  • Almost invisible pores

  • Dull, rough complexion

  • Red patches

  • Less elasticity

  • More visible lines

When exposed to drying factors, skin can crack, peel, or become itchy, irritated, or inflamed. If your skin is very dry, it can become rough and scaly, especially on the backs of your hands, arms, and legs.

Dry skin may be caused or made worse by:

  • Genetic factors

  • Aging or hormonal changes

  • Weather such as wind, sun, or cold

  • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from tanning beds

  • Indoor heating

  • Long, hot baths and showers

  • Ingredients in soaps, cosmetics, or cleansers

  • Medications

Here are some tips for taking better care of dry skin:

  • Take shorter showers and baths, no more than once daily.

  • Use mild, gentle soaps or cleansers. Avoid deodorant soaps.

  • Don't scrub while bathing or drying.

  • Apply a rich moisturizer right after bathing. Ointments and creams may work better than lotions for dry skin but are often messier. Reapply as needed throughout the day.

  • Use a humidifier and don't let indoor temperatures get too hot.

  • Wear gloves when using cleaning agents, solvents, or household detergents.

Oily Skin Type

Oily skin can produce:

  • Enlarged pores

  • Dull or shiny, thick complexion

  • Blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes

The Basics of Skin Care

These tips will help your skin stay healthier no matter its type.

  • Use a broad spectrum sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays. Avoid direct sunlight and wear a hat and sunglasses.

  • Don't smoke.

  • Stay hydrated.

  • Wash your skin thoroughly every day and never wear makeup to bed.

  • Moisturize your skin.

 

  • Dry skin may feel taut or show flakes of dead skin. It is associated with small pores. Moisturizing is important for this skin type.

  • Combination skin is most common. It exhibits traits of all three of the above skin types. Usually, the skin is oily in the T-zone and normal to dry elsewhere.

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HOW TO DETERMINE YOUR SKIN TYPE?